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      初一英語下冊第三單元教案

      類型:英語教案    時間:2021-03-15    訪問194次
      一、 重點詞匯
      1. one hundred and five
      表示具體的“幾百”時,用“基數詞+hundred”表示,注意此時hundred不能加s.
      hundreds of表示“數百;成百上千的”,這是hundred后面有s,而且hundreds后面要有介詞of,并且不能與數詞連用。
      與hundred 用法類似的還有單詞:thousand,million,billion.
      Our school is so famous that_____ people come and visit it every term.
      A. hundred B. hundreds C. hundred of D. hundreds of
      2. I ride it to school every day.
      ride “騎”,后可接bike, horse, motorbike等。
      還可以用做可數名詞,“旅程”。 an hour’s ride 乘車一個小時的路程
      every “每個;每一”,其后接單數可數名詞。every day “每天”
      every day 表示某事發生的頻率,“每天,天天”。
      I go to school every day.
      everyday 形容詞,“日常的,普通的”。
      I study everyday English every day.
      3. live
      live 不及物動詞,“居住,生活”,其后若跟名詞則必須在名詞前加上適當的介詞。
      I like to live in the country.
      live on sth. “以某物為食”
      Sheep live on grass.
      live a ...life “過、、、生活”
      The old man lives a happy life.
      4. bus stop
      bus stop與bus station 都是指“公共汽車站”。
      bus stop 指城鎮內外的停車點,bus station指能停、轉車輛的汽車站點。
      stop 做動詞,意為“停止”,常用結構:
      stop to do sth. “停下來去做某事”
      stop doing sth. “停止做某事”(停止正在做的)
      Let’s stop to have a rest.
      Stop talking, please.
      5. Crossing the River to School
      cross是動詞,“穿越,越過”,主要指“橫穿”。
      還可以作名詞,意為“十字形,叉形符號”。
      across既可以作介詞,也可以作副詞。
      crossing 是名詞,“渡口,交叉點”。
      6. For many students,it is easy to get to school.
      It is +adj.+to do sth. “做某事是.......”
      7. There is a very big river between their school and the village.
      between ...and... “在....和...之間”,連接兩個并列的成分。
      between/among
      (1) between 用于兩者之間。
      (2) among 用于三個或三個以上的人或物的“中間”。
      8. But he is not afraid.
      afraid: “害怕的,畏懼的”。
      (1)be afraid of sth. 害怕某事/某物
      (2)be afraid to do sth. 害怕做某事
      (3)be afraid of doing sth. 唯恐做某事,指擔心或擔憂做某事會引起某種后果。
      (4)be afraid + that從句,恐怕....
      (5)為某件已經發生或可能發生的事表示歉意或者作出否定判斷,相當于sorry.
      9. Many of the students and villagers never leave the village.
      leave主要用法歸納如下:
      1. 離開; 脫離
      The train will leave at six tomorrow morning.
      2. 把……留在; 留下
      Leave the child at home. 把小孩留在家里。
      3. 遺忘; 丟下
      I left my notebook in the dormitory. 我把筆記本落在宿舍里了。
      4. 使……處于(某種狀態),后面常接賓語補足語
      Leave the door open.
      5. leave for+地點,“動身去某地”
      He left for the station a few minutes ago.
      10.must /have to
      must多表示主觀需要或責任感的驅使有必要或有義務去做某事,多譯為“必須”,
      have to多表示客觀存在的環境所限,即客觀要求(無奈)而為之,多譯為“不得不干某事”。
      I must clean the room because there are too dirty.
      I have to do my homework now.
      11. It takes sb some money/time to do sth.花費某人多少時間/錢做某事
      Sb pay some money for sth 某人為某物花費多少錢
      Sb spend some time/money on sth 某人在做某事或某物上花費時間/錢
      Sb spend some time/ money (in)doing sth
      Sth cost sb some money 某物花費某人多少錢
      二、 短語歸納
      1.get to school 到校 2.take the subway 乘地鐵
      3.take the train 坐火車 4.leave for 到……地方去,離開去某地
      5.take…to…把……帶到…… 6. most students 大多數學生
      7. depend on 依賴,決定于 8.from…to…從……到……
      9.think of 想到,想起 10.ride bikes 騎自行車
      11.in other parts of the world 在世界的其他地方 12. how far 多遠
      13.take the train to school 乘火車去上學 14.in places 在一些地方
      15.go to school by boat乘船去上學 1 6.on the school bus乘坐校車
      17.be different from和……不同 18.worry about 擔憂,焦慮,擔心
      三、語法專項
      how 引導的特殊疑問句
      1.how 引導的特殊疑問句提問交通方式,其答語分三種情況:
      a. take a/an/the+交通工具(單數)
      take +a/an/the+表示交通工具的名詞,乘……去某地。
      He takes the train.
      b. by+交通工具(單數)
      c. on/in+限定詞+交通工具
      by+表示交通工具的單數名詞或on/in+ a/an/the/one’s+表示交通工具的單數名詞,是介詞短語作方式狀語。
      I get to school by bike. = I get to school on my bike.
      3.walk/ride/drive/fly+to+地點名詞,步行/騎自行車/開車/坐飛機去某地
      表示乘交通工具方式可以互換表達相同的意義:
      Take the bus to school=go to school by bus=go to school on a bus
      Drive a car to work=go to work by car=go to work in a car
      Fly to shanghai=go to shanghai by plane/air=take the/a plane to shanghai=go to shanghai on a/an/the plane.
      2. how far 用來提問距離,多遠,其答語分為兩種:
      (1)用長度單位表示:It is five kilometers.
      (2)用時間表示:It’s twenty minutes’ walk.
      3.how long 用來提問時間,意為多久回答常用“for+段時”。
      ----How long have you learnt English?
      ----For 3 years.
      4.how soon 用來提問做完某事還需要多長時間, 常用于將來時態時, 常用“in+時間段”來回答。
      ――How soon will you arrive in Beijing?
      ----In 3 hours.
      (二)賓語從句
      1.在句子中起賓語作用的句子叫賓語從句。賓語從句用陳述語序。
      2.賓語從句的連接詞:
      (1)從屬連詞有that, if, whether。
      Nobody knew whether she could pass the exam.
      I know that she is from America.
      (2)連接代詞有who, whom, whose, what
      Do you know whose book it is?
      Could you tell me what your father looks like?
      (3)連接副詞有when, where, why, how等
      He didn’t tell me when we could meet again.
      I don’t know how I can get there. wwW.x kB 1.c Om
      I’m always very busy (忙的) every day. I usually 1 up early at 6:30 in the morning. But 2 . I’m still sleepy (睡著的) . I put on my clothes, I wash my hands 3 face…Do this! Do that. 4 I have my 5 . I go go school. I usually leave home at 7:00. At school we all study 6 . We study English. Chinese, maths and so on (等等). 7 noon (中午) I get home and have lunch. At 1:30 I go to school again. Sometimes we play 8 football in the afternoon. I go home at 4:30. In the evening I do 9 homework. I go to bed at 10:00 and I go to sleep (入睡) very 10 .
      ( )1. A. get B. gets C. getting D. getting
      ( )2. A. often B. usually C. sometimes D. always
      ( )3. A. and B. or C. but D. so
      ( )4. A. Before B. After C. When D. If
      ( )5. A. lunch B. supper C. breakfast D. meal
      ( )6. A. easy B. different C. difficult D. hard
      ( )7. A. on B. On C. at D. At
      ( )8. A. the B. × C. a D. an
      ( )9. A. many B. a lot of C. any D. a lot
      ( )10. A. next B. soon C. first D. last
      選詞填空。請從方框內選擇適當的詞語完成這封信。
      Writing, talking, sitting , playing, swimming , flying, sunny, studying, drawing, having
      Dear Bob,
      My name is Rich .I’m fourteen years old .I’m(1)__________ in a middle school .My school is nice and clean. There are 30 students in my class .It’s(2) _______ today . My classmates and I are(3) ________ a good time on the beach .It’s a nice place .The water is blue and clear . Many birds are(4) ________ over the sea .Many people are (5)_________ . Some boys are(6) _________ football . Some people are (7)________ on the beach . A girl is(8) _________ pictures on a chair .Another girl is (9)________ photos .I’m (10)_________to you ! What are you doing ? I hope you can write to me soon .
      Best wishes! Rich
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